Watamu Marine National Park and Reserve, KenyaEastern Africa | 0 Comments | April 20, 2010 at 4:06 am
Watamu Marine National Park and Reserve is been located in Kenya. This marine park was been established in the year 1968, in addition was one of the foremost marine parks that were established in Kenya. It is positioned at a distance of 90 miles (almost 118 km) in the northern region of Mombasa, which is the subsequent largest city in Kenya. The coral gardens in Watamu Marine National Park and Reserve are positioned just 300 m as of the shore as well as are habitat for approximately 600 different species of fishes, 110 species of the stony coral as well as numerous crustaceans, mollusks and invertebrates. The temperature of the sea water varies as of 20 degrees Celsius (from the months of June to November) up to 30 degrees Celsius (from the months of December to May). This park was been selected as a Biosphere in the year 1979.
The coral reefs in this park outline the physical as well as the natural backbone of this area. By means of, more than 150 different species of soft corals, for instance fan corals, sponges, and brain corals, as well as hard corals, it makes available for copious nutrients used for the fishes. This main park has more than 500 different species of fishes as well as the reserve more than 1000. Moreover there are in addition manta rays, whale sharks, octopus as well as barracuda as a few of the main larger groups present in this park.
In addition Watamu has dissimilar species of turtles as well as a turtle watch agenda which has supervised to shelter the main beach of this park as almost a 99% of the total possible sea turtle nesting position for sea turtles that are in danger of extinction. This shoreline is been patrolled as well as monitored vigorously. In addition the turtles nesting in the regions of Watamu take account of Hawksbill, the Green, as well as Olive Ridley turtles. Moreover the Olive Ridley species is extraordinary however sporadically comes to this nesting spot. Leatherback turtles by no means nest in the regions of Watamu or else Malindi however they pass over all the way through the close at hand waters for the duration of their relocation.
Bleaching of the sea-water within Watamu Marine Park, which is identified as marine protected area (MPA), took place between the years 1997 as well as 1998. In addition this was the solitary most important bounce on the waters of the sea that reasoned high levels of transience of the coral reefs in the regions of Watamu and Malindi. This ecological unit comprises of the coral reefs, along with mangrove forests as well as beds of sea grass. The plans intended for Land-use had to be included into the management plan of MPA for the better conservation of Watamu Marine Park.